Chemical and Petrochemical

We have extensive experience in projects involving ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene, methanol, purified terephthalic acid (PTA), fertilizers, U&O, helium, air separation plants, etc., where we offer highly engineered fluid handling solutions for the most demanding applications.

Chemical & Petrochemical plants convert oil, natural gas, air, water, metals and minerals into chemical products. Chemicals that are derived from petroleum or natural gas are called petrochemicals. These chemicals are typically extracted during the refining process as crude oil and natural gas liquids, and they are cracked or distilled.

Primary petrochemicals are divided into three groups:

  • Olefins include ethylene, propylene, and butadiene. Ethylene and propylene are important sources of industrial chemicals and plastics products. Butadiene is used in making synthetic rubber.
  • Aromatics include benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Benzene is a raw material for dyes and synthetic detergents, and benzene and toluene for the isocyanates MDI and TDI used in making polyurethanes. Manufacturers use xylenes to produce plastics and synthetic fibers (result of PTA).
  • Synthesis gas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen used to make ammonia and methanol. Ammonia is used to make the fertilizer urea, and methanol is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
    Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) of petroleum fractions.

Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids such as ethane and propane. Aromatics are produced through catalytic reforming or naphtha.

The major hydrocarbon sources used in producing petrochemicals are:

  • Methane, ethane, propane and butanes: Obtained primarily from natural gas processing plants.
  • Naphtha obtained from petroleum refineries.
  • Benzene, toluene and xylenes, referred to collectively as BTX and primarily obtained from petroleum
  • refineries by extraction from the reformate produced in catalytic reformers.
  • Gas obtained from petroleum refineries.

Discover our Chemical and Petrochemical valves

AMPO POYAM VALVES has been involved since 1964 in the design and production of highly engineered solutions for the refinery processes, supplying the valves demanded by most critical and challenging applications in this sector.

See our valves for Chemical and Petrochemical